Track Amazon OpenSearch Service configuration changes more easily with new visibility improvements | Amazon Web Services

Amazon OpenSearch Service offers multiple domain configuration settings to meet your workload-specific requirements. As part of standard service operations, you may be required to update these configuration settings on a regular basis. Recently, Amazon OpenSearch Service launched visibility improvements that allow you to track configuration changes more effectively. We’ve introduced granular and more descriptive configuration statuses that enable you to set up alarms and use them in automation to minimize manual monitoring.

We recommend that you take advantage of these visibility improvements in your applications. These changes are backward compatible, and if your automations rely on the legacy processing parameter to determine configuration change status, then they should still continue to work without any disruption. To simplify tracking of multiple in-flight configuration change requests, Amazon OpenSearch Service allows configuration request only when Domain Processing Status is Active. Additional details are in section ‘Single configuration change at a time’.

Solution overview

Earlier, configuration change status visibility was available through processing parameters in the OpenSearch Service APIs (Application Programming Interface), and as a Domain Status field in the OpenSearch Service console. We have now introduced the following changes to improve the configuration update experience:

  • Introduced two new parameters, DomainProcessingStatus and ConfigChangeStatus, in the API responses. Similarly, added Domain Processing Status and Configuration Change Status fields in the console. These changes provide better visibility through multiple, intuitive statuses. Earlier statuses were limited to only two values: Active and Processing.
  • Ability to easily compare active and in-flight configurations for clarity. Earlier, it required multiple steps.
  • Amazon OpenSearch Service has now adopted the approach of allowing a single configuration change request at a time. There is no limit on the number of domain configuration changes you can bundle in a single request. However, you can submit the next configuration request when the previous request is complete and the domain processing status becomes Active. This improvement streamlines configuration updates and addresses previous challenges of tracking multiple, in-flight configuration change requests.
  • Ability to cancel a change request in case of a validation failure. Previously, when instances were unavailable, domains remained in processing state. Now, upon encountering any validation failure, you can cancel the change request and retry after some time.
  • Domain processing status turns to Active only after all the background activities, including shard movement is complete. This means that you can confidently use newly introduced statuses in your automation scripts without needing to infer if all the internal processes, such as data movement, are complete.

How do you get granular details to track the configuration update status?

As part of recent improvements, Amazon OpenSearch Service introduced DomainProcessingStatus and ConfigChangeStatus parameters in the APIs along with the respective Domain Processing Status and Configuration Change Status fields in the console. You can rely on these statuses to get accurate and consistent information during different configuration change scenarios, like when configuration changes involve blue/green operations or without blue/green operations, and when configuration changes are triggered by the operator or by the OpenSearch Service. Let us explore these enhanced visibility experiences.

  1. Domain processing status visibility: You can track the staus of domain-level configuration changes through the Domain Processing Status field in the console. Similarly, API responses include the DomainProcessingStatus parameter. The values and a brief description are provided in the following details:
    1. Active: No configuration change is in progress. You can submit a new configuration change request.
    2. Creating: New domain creation is in progress.
    3. Modifying: This status indicates that one or more configuration changes, such as new data node addition, Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) GP3 storage provisioning, or setting up KMS keys, are in progress. In other words, changes made through the UpdateDomainConfig API, set the status to modifying. The ‘Modifying’ status also covers situations where domains require shard movement to complete configuration changes. Note: For backward compatibility, we have kept the behavior of the processing parameter unchanged in the API responses, and it is set to false as soon as the core configuration changes are complete, without waiting for shard movement completion.
    4. Upgrading Engine Version: Engine version upgrades are in progress, such as from Elasticsearch version 7.9 to OpenSearch version 1.0.
    5. Updating Service Software: This status refers to configuration changes related to service software updates.
    6. Deleting: Domain deletion is progressing.
    7. Isolated: This represents domains that are suspended due to a variety of reasons, such as account-related billing issues or domains that are not compliant with critical security patch updates.
  2. Configuration change status visibility: Configuration changes can be initiated by the user (e.g., new data node addition, instance type change) or by the Service (e.g., AutoTune and mandatory service software updates). You can find the latest status details through Configuration Change Status field in the console, and through the ConfigChangeStatus parameter in API responses. Below are the values and a brief description:
    1. Pending: Indicates that a configuration change request has been submitted.
    2. Initializing: Service is initializing a configuration change request.
    3. Validating: Service is validating the requested changes and resources required.
    4. Validation Failed: Requested changes failed validation. At this point, no configuration changes are applied. Some possible validation failures could be the presence of red indices in the domain, unavailability of a chosen instance type, and low disk space. Here is a list of potential validation failures. During a validation failure event, you can cancel, retry, or edit configuration changes.
    5. Awaiting user inputs: Scenarios where user may be able to fix validation errors such as invalid KMS key. At this status, user can edit the configuration changes.
    6. Applying changes: Service is applying requested configuration changes.
    7. Cancelled: During validation failed status, you can either click on the Cancel button in the console or call the CancelDomainConfigChange API. All the applied changes that were part of the change request will be rolled back.
    8. Completed: Requested configuration changes have been successfully completed.

Console enhancements

The Amazon OpenSearch Service console offers enhanced visibility to track configuration change progress. Below are a few screenshots to give you an idea of these improvements.

  • Amazon OpenSearch Service console provides Domain Processing Status, Configuration Change Status, and Change ID fields. Note: To know the change details associated with the Change ID, you can use the DescribeDomainChangeProgress API.

  • Configuration change summary. To see a side by side comparison of your active configurations and requested changes, on the domain detail page, navigate to the cluster configuration tab, scroll down to the configuration change summary section. Pending Changes field shows the status of the pending properties at that time and does not include changes that have been applied. You can also get similar details from the DescribeDomain and DescribeDomainConfig APIs through theModifyingProperties parameter.

Cancelling during validation failure. In the below screenshots, you can see a new option to cancel a change request when a configuration change request fails validations. For example, when you encounter SubnetNotFound error, you can use the Cancel request button to roll back to the previous active configuration, fix the issue and then retry the configuration update.

Single configuration change at a time

Previously, it was not straightforward to track the success and failure of individual change requests, when several requests were made. To provide a simplified experience, OpenSearch Service now limits you to only a single change request at a time. In a single configuration change request, you can bundle multiple changes at once. Once a configuration change request is submitted, it must be completed before you can request the next configuration change through the console, or through the UpdateDomainConfig API. This simplified experience makes it easier to keep track of changes that have been requested and their most recent status. If your automation is written to call configuration change update APIs multiple times, then it should be updated to group multiple configuration changes in a single update call, or wait for individual updates to complete before you submit the next configuration change. You can update domain configuration when domain processing status becomes active. For a list of changes that might need a blue/green deployment, please see here.

The below screenshot shows an example alert on the ‘Edit domain’ page informing the user that another change or update is in progress. OpenSearch Service no longer allows you to submit new configuration update requests, and the ‘Apply change’ button is disabled until the change in progress is completed.

API changes

You can use the DescribeDomain, DescribeDomainChangeProgress, and DescribeDomainConfig APIs to get detailed configuration update statuses. In addition, you can use CancelDomainConfigChange to cancel the change request in the event of a validation failures. You can refer Amazon OpenSearch Service API documentation here.


In this post, we showed you how to get granular information about a configuration update request. These newly introduced changes will help you gain better visibility into the progress of configuration change requests, and easily distinguish between applied changes and pending ones. You need to ensure that the DomainProcessingStatus processing status value is Active before submitting configuration change requests. The ability to cancel changes in the event of validation failures gives you better control in getting your domain out of processing state in a self-service manner. Visit product documentation to learn more.

About the Authors

Siddhant Gupta is a Sr. Technical Product Manager at Amazon Web Services based in Hyderabad, India. Siddhant has been with Amazon for over six years and is currently working with the OpenSearch Service team, helping with new region launches, pricing strategy, and bringing EC2 and EBS innovations to OpenSearch Service customers. He is passionate about analytics and machine learning. In his free time, he loves traveling, fitness activities, spending time with his family and reading non-fiction books.

Deniz Ercelebi is a Sr. UX Designer at Amazon OpenSearch Service. In her role she contributes to the creation, implementation, and successful delivery of design solutions for complex problems. Her personal drive is fueled by a passion for user experience, a dedication to customer-centric solutions, and a firm belief in collaborative innovation.

Shashank Gupta is a Sr. Software Developer at Amazon OpenSearch Service, specializing in the enhancement of the Managed service aspect of the platform. His primary focus is on optimizing the managed experience, spanning from the console to APIs and resource provisioning in an efficient manner. With a dedicated commitment to innovation, Shashank aims to elevate the overall customer experience by introducing inventive solutions within the service.

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